Book Chapter

Productive Group Work: Chapter 2. Using Positive Interdependence

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Topic tags:
cooperative learning, student collaboration, positive interdependence, group work, S20TLCSC2
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Teacher Quality Standards

  • QS III: Teachers plan and deliver effective instruction and create an environment that facilitates learning for their students.
    • Element E: Teachers provide students with opportunities to work in teams and develop leadership.
    • Element A: Teachers demonstrate knowledge about the ways in which learning takes place, including the levels of intellectual, physical, social, and emotional development of their students.
  • QS II: Teachers establish a safe, inclusive and respectful learning environment for a diverse population of students.
    • Element B: Teachers demonstrate an awareness of, a commitment to, and a respect for multiple aspects of diversity, while working toward common goals as a community of learners.

PD resource content

Resource material

Helping students understand how they can contribute to a cooperative learning environment and making that environment approachable for all learners is challenging. This resource, a chapter from the book Productive Group Work, not only provides suggestions for how to go about that task, it also highlights three different teachers and the successful strategies they implement to create positive interdependence among students. 

Resource Links


N. Frey, D. Fisher, & S. Everlove (2009). Chapter 2. Using Positive Interdependence. In Productive group work: How to engage students, build teamwork, and promote understanding. Retrieved from